Idealism

the doctrine that reality or knowledge is founded on ideas (mental experience). Depending on the specific ideal, idealism is usually juxtaposed with materialism or realism.
• Objective idealism - is an idealistic metaphysics that postulates that there is in an important sense only one perceiver, and that this perceiver is one with that which is perceived.
• German idealism - a movement in philosophy, started with Immanuel Kant's transcendental idealism, centered in Germany. Many prominent exponents include Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling.
• Subjective idealism - a philosophy in which human experiences are based on perceptions.
• Transcendental idealism - the philosophy of Immanuel Kant and later Kantian and German Idealist philosophers; a view according to which our experience is not about the things as they are in themselves, but about the things as they appear to us. It differs from standard (empirical) idealism in that it does not claim that the objects of our experiences would be in any sense within our mind. The idea is that whenever we experience something, we experience it as it is for ourselves: the object is real as well as mind-independent, but is in a sense corrupted by our cognition (by the categories and the forms of sensibility, space and time). Transcendental idealism denies that we could have knowledge of the thing in itself. A view that holds the opposite is called transcendental realism.

Mini philosophy glossary . 2014.

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  • Idealism — • The characteristic of those who regard the ideas of truth and right, goodness and beauty, as standards and directive forces Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Idealism     Idealism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • idealism — IDEALÍSM s.n. 1. Orientare în filozofie, opusă materialismului, care consideră spiritul, conştiinţa, gândirea ca factor primordial, iar materia, natura, existenţa ca factor secund, derivat. ♢ Idealism obiectiv = idealism care concepe factorul… …   Dicționar Român

  • Idealism — Idealism …   Википедия

  • idealism —    Idealism about something in philosophy is the doctrine that it is ideal , that is, mind dependent. There are three main forms of idealism: (1) subjective idealism, which holds that what we think of as physical things exist only because they… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Idealism — Album par Digitalism Sortie Le 11 juin 2007 Durée 51:44 Genre Électronique Label Kitsuné Music Idealism est le premier al …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Idealism — I*de al*ism, n. [Cf. F. id[ e]alisme.] 1. The quality or state of being ideal. [1913 Webster] 2. Conception of the ideal; imagery. [1913 Webster] 3. (Philos.) The system or theory that denies the existence of material bodies, and teaches that we… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • idealism — index casuistry Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • idealism — (n.) 1796, in the abstract sense, originally belief that reality is made up only of ideas, from IDEAL (Cf. ideal) (adj.) + ISM (Cf. ism); on model of Fr. idéalisme. Meaning representing things in an ideal form is from 1829 …   Etymology dictionary

  • idealism — ► NOUN 1) the practice of forming or pursuing ideals, especially unrealistically. 2) (in art or literature) the representation of things in ideal form. DERIVATIVES idealist noun idealistic adjective idealistically adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • idealism — [ī dē′əl iz΄əm] n. [Fr idéalisme or Ger idealismus] 1. behavior or thought based on a conception of things as they should be or as one would wish them to be; idealization 2. a striving to achieve one s ideals 3. imaginative treatment in art that… …   English World dictionary

  • Idealism — The 20th century British scientist Sir James Jeans wrote that the Universe begins to look more like a great thought than like a great machine This article is about the philosophical notion of idealism. For other uses, see Idealism… …   Wikipedia

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